Medical research can be grouped into three broad categories, based on what is being examined. The majority of awards were assigned Health Research Classification System (HRCS) codes based on their title and abstract, which allows for stratification by research activity and health area. This coding was done either manually by individual charities or using an algorithm through Uber Research that “autocodes” the awards. It is important to note that the distribution of awards for each research activity reflects the charities using Researchfish and does not necessarily represent the distribution for all AMRC charities.

Of the awards assessed in this report:

  • Half were for cause research – focusing on examining aetiology or underpinning research
  • 40% were for cure research – focusing on detecting, screening and diagnosing, developing and evaluating treatments
  • 9% for care research – focusing on prevention, management of disease or health and social care research

It would be expected that different aspects of research would lead to different impacts, so as well as examining the outputs of charity-funded research across the 5 areas of impact, it is also interesting to see if there were any patterns that linked the kind of research being funded with the kinds of impact that were reported.

You can download a detailed breakdown of outcomes by cause/cure/care research activity here.

The average number of outputs varied across the different output types, so to compare, we need to look at the trend for each output. We have used two graphs to show this – one for outputs where the average was above 1.0, and one for where it was below 1.0.

Cause research activities led to the highest average number of the following outputs, which are evidence of building the knowledge base and advancing careers:

  • Publications
  • Awards and recognitions
  • Tools and methods
  • Next destination and skills

Cure research activities led to the highest average number of the following outputs, which are evidence of translation of research to products and the stimulation of more research:

  • Further funding
  • Partnerships
  • Medical products
  • Protected and licensed intellectual properties
  • Technical products
  • Spin outs

Care research activities led to the highest average number:

  • Engagement activities
  • Policy influences